World War II – Document #3
The leaders of the three great powers - the Soviet Union, the United States of America and Great Britain - have agreed that in two or three months after Germany has surrendered and the war in Europe is terminated, the Soviet Union shall enter into war against Japan on the side of the Allies on condition that:
1. The status quo in
2. The former rights of Russia violated by the treacherous attack of Japan in 1904 shall be restored, viz.: (a) The southern part of Sakhalin as well as the islands adjacent to it shall be returned to the Soviet Union; (b) The commercial port of Dairen shall be internationalized, the pre-eminent interests of the Soviet Union in this port being safeguarded, and the lease of Port Arthur as a naval base of the U.S.S.R. restored; (c) The Chinese-Eastern Railroad and the South Manchurian Railroad, which provide an outlet to Dairen, shall be jointly operated by the establishment of a joint Soviet-Chinese company, it being understood that the pre-eminent interests of the Soviet Union shall be safeguarded and that China shall retain sovereignty in Manchuria;
3. The Kurile Islands shall be handed over to the
It is understood that the agreement concerning
The heads of the three great powers have agreed that these claims of the
Soviet Union shall be unquestionably fulfilled after
For its part, the Soviet Union expresses it readiness to conclude with the
National Government of China a pact of friendship and alliance between the
(signed) Joseph Stalin Franklin D. Roosevelt Winston S. Churchill
February 11, 1945.
Source: A Decade of American Foreign Policy : Basic Documents, 1941-49 Prepared at the request of
the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations By the Staff of the Committee and the
Department of State.