Intro to Evolution: Historical Perspective
Charles Darwin defined "evolution" as "descent with modification"
Our ideas about how evolution occurs date from mid-19TH century Europe
How did educated Europeans view the world in 1800?
Evolution did not occur
~ literal interpretation of Genesis not at odds with data
Biology and religion had close relationship
Typological species concept
"Great Chain of Being"
Some events of 19TH century challenged this view
Hutton/ Lyell (uniformitarianism)
Rev. Thomas Malthus