Natural Selection and Population Genetics


What limits a population's ability to adapt to changing conditions?

Genetic/phenotypic diversity

Existing structures


Why should allele frequencies change in populations over time?

Hardy Weinberg equilibrium

1.      no gene flow

2.      no mutations

3.      random mating

4.      all genotypes have same RS

5.      population large enough for the "laws of probability" to apply


Evolution occurs because these conditions seldom, if ever, hold true