A Problem/Solution map requires students to identify a problem and consider
multiple solutions and possible results.
A Problem/Solution map might
be used to discuss causes and effects or to consider problems and potential
solutions. Students could use a problem/solution map during a presentation
or discussion of a problem and demonstrate possible solutions to the problem.
The student will need to have a clear understanding of the topic / issue
/ problem in order to explain it to others. In preparing the problem/solution
map, the student will need to carefuly examine the
topic / issue / problem to determine possible outcomes of the proposed
solution or solutions. The student might need to dertemine such things
as: What happened
/ what events took place? Who was involved? What were their reasons for
acting as they did? Were there political, personal, or economic motivations?
What caused this to happen? Have any solutions been proposed? Were they
successful? If not, why not?
Example: During the period after the
French and Indian War, the British government wanted to prevent further
disputes between the Indian nations and the colonial settlers who wanted
to move into the Ohio Valley and into Tennessee. These lands belonged to
a number of Indian nations who were concerned about the encroachments of
settlers. The British government
decided on a policy intended to keep the Indians and settlers apart and
therefore to prevent hostilities. Parliament passed the Proclamation of
1763. Unfortunately, the British did not provide an effective method of
keeping the settlers out of the disputed territory by force. The result
was that squatters violated the proclamation and invaded Indian lands.
Example: During the American Revolution,
the rebels established a government under the Articles of Confederation.
Because of the weakness of the national government under the Articles, the
states did not have to contribute taxes unless wanted to. The colonial army
lacked supplies and funds to pay the troops. Eventually, some political leaders
felt that the Articles needed to be revised. The Constitutional Convention
was called and various solutions were proposed. James Madison suggested
what came to be called the Virginia Plan proposing that the national government
be granted the power to legislate "in all cases in which the separate states
are incompetent." In addition, Madison suggested that representation in
both houses of Congress be proportional to population. States with large
populations supported this idea; smaller states felt that they would be dominated
in Congress. William Paterson proposed the New Jersey Plan which would increase
the national government's authority and would base representation on one
state one vote. This would allow small states to remain equal to larger states
but would be less democratic since the citizens in larger states would not
have full representation. Neither of these proposed solutions was entirely
acceptable, and Roger Sherman proposed that representation in the Senate
would be equal, and representation
in the House would be based on population. This compromise was more acceptable
to members of the Convention.
Blank Problem-Solution table :