Problem/Solution

A Problem/Solution map requires students to identify a problem and consider multiple solutions and possible results.

                                                        problem solution gif
                                               
 
     Source: http://www-personal.umich.edu/%7Ejmargeru/conceptmap/images/problemsolution.gif


                                               problem solution gif 2

                                       
A Problem/Solution map might be used to discuss causes and effects or to consider problems and potential solutions. Students could use a problem/solution map during a  presentation or discussion of a problem and demonstrate possible solutions to the problem. The student will need to have a clear understanding of the topic / issue / problem in order to explain it to others. In preparing the problem/solution map, the student will need to carefuly examine the  topic / issue / problem to determine possible outcomes of the proposed solution or solutions.  The student might need to dertemine such things as:  What happened / what events took place? Who was involved? What were their reasons for acting as they did? Were there political, personal, or economic motivations?  What caused this to happen? Have any solutions been proposed? Were they successful? If not, why not? 

Example: During the period after the French and Indian War, the British government wanted to prevent further disputes between the Indian nations and the colonial settlers who wanted to move into the Ohio Valley and into Tennessee. These lands belonged to a number of Indian nations who were concerned about the encroachments of settlers. The
British government decided on a policy intended to keep the Indians and settlers apart and therefore to prevent hostilities. Parliament passed the Proclamation of 1763. Unfortunately, the British did not provide an effective method of keeping the settlers out of the disputed territory by force. The result was that squatters violated the proclamation and invaded Indian lands.

Example: During the American Revolution, the rebels established a government under the Articles of Confederation. Because of the weakness of the national government under the Articles, the states did not have to contribute taxes unless wanted to. The colonial army lacked supplies and funds to pay the troops. Eventually, some political leaders felt that the Articles needed to be revised. The Constitutional Convention was called and various solutions were proposed.  James Madison suggested what came to be called the Virginia Plan proposing that the national government be granted the power to legislate "in all cases in which the separate states are incompetent." In addition, Madison suggested that representation in both houses of Congress be proportional to population. States with large populations supported this idea; smaller states felt that they would be dominated in Congress. William Paterson proposed the New Jersey Plan which would increase the national government's authority and would base representation on one state one vote. This would allow small states to remain equal to larger states but would be less democratic since the citizens in larger states would not have full representation. Neither of these proposed solutions was entirely acceptable, and Roger Sherman proposed that representation in the Senate would be equal, and
representation in the House would be based on population. This compromise was more acceptable to members of the Convention. 


Blank Problem-Solution table :   http://www.eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/pdf/probsol.pdf