Marine Photography - MSC 154

COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course introduces the basic concepts, processes, and techniques of photography with emphasis on marine applications. Topics include proper camera operation, composition, exposure, lighting techniques, and a complete overview of digital imaging. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate proficient use of a camera and portable lighting tools with consistent exposures and digital darkroom techniques.

COURSE OBJECTIVES: The student will demonstrate a thorough understanding and the critical thinking skills needed for:

  1. The proper operation and understanding of various film and digital camera constructions.

  2. The knowledgeable selection, use and handling of a variety of different films.

  3. Skills necessary for electronically producing, viewing, or reproducing an image.

  4. Skills necessary for the exposure, composition and production of a technically related photograph.

  5. Skills necessary for the proper operation of portable lighting tools.

  6. Skills necessary for the care and mounting of photographs.

Course Hours per Week:Class 2, Lab 2

Course Hours per Semester: 64

Semester Hours Credit: 3

GRADING: A grade for MSC-154 will be based on the following criteria:

15% - Attendance/Instructor - Class room attendance (5%), class exercises, aptitude, quizzes, and general efficiency.(10%)

40% - Projects - Three defined projects with defined due dates. Projects will be orally presented. (1st Project = 15%, 2nd Project = 10%, 3rd Project = 15%)

30% - Tests - Three written tests (10% each).

15% - Final Exam - Comprehensive Exam

SAFETY NOTE: Students must follow safety requirements. No Food or Drinks in the Computer Lab. Students who ignore or violate safety requirements will be subject to discipline, which may include dismissal from the course.


I . Introduction (1st. Day Handout)

A. Description of course and objectives

B. References required and/or suggested

C. Course requirements

D. Attendance & conduct requirements

E. Grading criteria, system or scale, and grade definitions

F. Supplies

II. The Camera - Anatomy

A.Introduction: The evolution of the camera

B. Camera constructions- Advantages & Disadvantages

1.View Camera

2. Range or Viewfinder

3. Twin lens reflex

4. Single lens reflex

C. Shutters

1.Types or construction

2.System or scale (speeds)

a. Manual

b. Electronic

D. Aperture

1. Definition and theory of operation

2. System or scale (F/scale)

E. Using Aperture and Shutters in unison

1. Shutter speeds and the control of motion

2. Depth-of-Field

a. Apparent Depth-of-Field

b. Actual Depth-of-Field

1 .Depth-of-Field Scale and its use

2 . Pre-view buttons and their use

3. Electronic controls for Depth-of-Field

c. Hyper focal distances and its’ use

3. Compositional controls of Apertures and Shutters

4. Making the choice-Aperture or Shutter Priority

F. Lenses

1. Definition and theory of Focal Length

2. Various Focal Lengths and their uses

a. Standard, Primary or Normal lenses

1. Relationship to film or chip size

2. Characteristics and use

b. Short focal lengths

1. Relationship to film or chip size

2. Characteristics and use

c. Long focal lengths

1. Relationship to filmor chip size

2. Characteristics and use

3. Perspective and control

a. Definition and theory

b. Real and apparent perspective changes

1. Distance

2. Focal lengths

4. Focusing your lenses

a. Manual

b. Automatic or Electronic

5. Care and protection of your lenses

G. Metering Systems

1. Definition and Theory of use

a. Tonal Scale

b. Light Meter Calibration (18% Reflectance)

2. Various types and operational theory

a. Energy sources

1. Photo-Electric

2. Battery Powered

b. Incident Light Meters

c. Reflected Light Meters

1. Averaging meters

A. Center weighted

B. Multi-segmented

2. Spot Meters

d. Built in (Camera) Light Meters

3. Calculating Exposure

a. Hand held Meters

b. Built in (Camera) Meters

1. Manual exposure control

2. Semiautomatic exposure control

3. Fully automatic exposure

4. Programmable exposure control

c. Interpreting Exposures

d. Unusual subject conditions

e. Creative exposure controls

f. Technical and Scientific exposure calculations & applications

H. Digital Imaging

1. Overview

2. Memory Cards/Capacity

3. Using a Digital Camera

4. Choosing a Digital Camera

I. Miscellaneous and/or optional camera controls

1. Film advancement levers and/or exposure counters

a. Autowinders/Motor Drives

b. Digital Memory Buffers

2. Rewind buttons and/or Digital "Downloading"

3. Self-timers

4. Mirror Locks

5. Hot Shoes, PC plugs, and syncroniztion speeds

III. Films, Memory Cards and Filters

A. Light & Film

1. Electromagnetic Spectrum

2. Visible Spectrum

B. Making an Image in Silver

C. Characteristic Curves: How & why filmsor "chips" respond to light

D. Choosing a Film

1. Color: Negative or Reversal

a. Daylight

b. Tungsten

2. Black & White: Negative or Reversal

a. Continuous Tone

b. High-contrast

c. Infrared

d. Chromogenic

3. Film Speeds and their Characteristics

4. How Black-and-White Films see Color

E. The Digital Camera

1. A computer with a lens

2. Anatomy of a Digital Image

3. Color Management

4. Capturing Detail

a. Resolution

b. Bit Depth

5. Image storage

a. File Formats

b. Compression

c. Size

E. Filters

1. Principles of Filters

2. Using Filters

a. Correction filters

b. Contrast filters

c. Compensation filters

d. Polarizing filters

3. Physical effects & practical uses

4. Filter factors & their application

G. Scanners and Scanning

1. Film to Digital

2. Print to Digital

IV. Photographic Composition and Categorization

A. Composition: Definition and Categorization

1. Horizontal vs Vertical Orientation

2. Simplicity of Subject

3. Photographic Balance

4. Leading Lines

5. Rule of Thirds

B. General Pictorial vs Technical/Scientific

C. Categorizations and Photographic critiques

V. Digital Darkroom (Adobe Photoshop CS)

A. Introduction/Overview

B. Getting Started

1. "Hardware" requirements

2. "Software" options

3. Adobe Photoshop CS

a. Work Areas & Tools

b. Setting Up an Image

c. Color or Black & White

4. Adjusting an Image

a. Layers

b. Selection Tools

c. Additional Techniques

1. Retouching

2. Filters for Special Effects

3. Compositing

C. Printing

1. Printers

a. Inkjet Printers

1. Inks

b. Photographic Laser Printers

c. Dye Sublimation Printers

2. Film Recorders

3. Printing Papers and Inks

4. Printing in Black and White

D. Print Display and File Management

1. Computers and Internet

2. Traditional Mounting Techniques

3. File Management

VI. Artificial Lighting Techniques

A. Direction of Light

B. Degree of Diffusion: Hard to Soft

C. Lighting with Portable Electronic Flash

1. Flash Equipment

2. Controlling Flash Exposure Manually

3. Using Automatic Flash

D. Basic Flash Techniques

E. Daylight applications of Flash

F. Troubleshooting Flash Problems

NOTE: The above outline should be considered flexible and topics may be shifted in sequence to fit equipment and/or personnel constraints. Information contained in this syllabus was, to the best knowledge of the instructor, considered correct and complete when distributed for use at the beginning of the semester. However, this syllabus should not be considered a contract between Cape Fear Community College and any student, nor between the instructor and any student. The instructor reserves the right, acting within the policies and procedures of Cape Fear Community College, to make changes in course content and/or instructional techniques without notice or obligation.